CBRNe Book Series
The CBRNe Book Series was born as an initiative of the Directive Board and of the Scientific Committee of “International Master Courses in Protection Against CBRNe events” (www.cbrngate.com) at the University of Rome Tor Vergata.
The evolution and increase in Security and Safety threats at an international level place remarkable focus on the improvement of the emergency systems to deal with crisis, including those connected to ordinary and non-conventional events (Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and explosives). In every industrial Country there are multiple entities with specialized teams in very specific fields, but the complexity of the events requires professionals that not only have specific know-how, but also expertise in the entire relevant areas.
During the month of August, 2016, the Italian Minister for Instruction, University and Research (MIUR) has officially added this book series in the list of the official publications recognized by the Minister itself with the following references:
classification code: E237557;
title: CBRNE BOOK SERIES.
DIRECTOR SCIENTIFIC BOARD: PROF. CARLO BELLECCI
DIRECTOR EDITORIAL BOARD: DR. ANDREA MALIZIA
This book presents a comprehensive overview of the Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear (CBRN) agents, their characteristics and categories, their malevolent uses, and the consequences resulting from these agents on human’s health, especially from contamination (whether external or internal) and cross-contamination that might be significant if the incident/attack takes place in an urban area. It also suggests measures and recommendations that should be adopted following an urban CBRN event to reduce the cross-contamination dangers by introducing different decontamination techniques, categories, and decontaminants. The second part of the book highlights the different needs of civilians (logistics, psychological support, etc.) following such an unconventional incident and precisely the needs of special and disabled groups (toddlers, children, pregnant women, people with cognitive, mobility, and sensory impairments, homeless, refugees, the elderly, etc.) that differs from ordinary people’s needs, where additional logistics and personnel are required. Moreover, special Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs), guidelines, techniques, and various kinds of support are required during their decontamination process due to their fragility. In addition to proactive strategies that may prepare their appetite for such an unfortunate event, additional resources must be available on the scene.
CBRNe risk is something dramatically presents in our world and lives which means that we must face this hazard and be prepared to manage incident situations. Syria, Iraq, Salisbury and other incidents have shown us that we cannot forget or underestimate this terrible threat. As a consequence, the most important challenge is to be aware of this hazard, be well prepared and trained. Therefore, the question is: how can we deal with CBRNe threat? Resilience is the answer: the need for a comprehensive approach that embraces military and civilian organizations in a common effort to prevent, protect and recovery from the CBRNe threat, starting from being CBRNe aware. So, the very first step that we can make to face this threat is to be resilient, by building our community in order to better tackle a catastrophic situation following a CBRNe incident, or attack. With this book I cannot say that I have found a one-fits-all-solution regarding how to become resilient and, consequently, build resilience, but I confirm the absolute necessity of everyone, each community, organization and country to be “CBRNe resilient” through some possible approaches and guidance that can help us along this challenging way.
Lo scopo del lavoro è quello di descrivere un innovativo dispositivo di protezione attiva, costituito da un sistema di evacuazione fumi. Il sistema interviene rapidamente, prima di arrivare al flashover, riducendo il rischio di lesioni e danni e aumentando il tempo per evacuazione e operazioni di soccorso. Il sistema è valutato con i metodi della fire engineering, il software FDS e una prova sperimentale, in cui evacua i prodotti della combustione generati da un focolaio di prova.
The First Book in Europe to set on record the recent and past issues related to hazardous materials (HAZMAT), or chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear agents (CBRN) from a police perspective. Such incidents show the importance on teaching as well as having response procedures in policing.
The advent of social media has had an important impact on communication, providing new and more effective tools for the circulation of ideas and information, but also reinforcing pre–existing problems such as disintermediation, polarization, fake news, conspiracy theories and cognitive biases, which in the new social world have found perfect habitat to make their harmful influence felt.
Society nowadays is a “Communication Society” but, at the same time, it is a “Risk Society”. The communication influences the events and become an integral component of them, but it can be useful only when there are cooperation, integration, synergy and training between all subjects involved in an emergency at all levels.
Large scale radiological emergencies are associated with the unexpected outbreak of contamination due to release. As a result, specially trained and dedicated radiation surveillance forces and facilities will not be able to come to the scene and promptly collect the data needed for decision making and countermeasure planning and implementation. The radiological emergencies, the innovative solutions and products as well as the progress on research are explained in this book.
The book focuses on the INSARAG certification process that Italy has decided to undertake in order to include its USAR Heavy team in the international relief system. Special attention is given to figure of the HazMat, namely the person in the USAR team who is responsible for the management of hazardous materials.
The volume will show and describe the operational response procedures and methods facing a Hazmat/CBRNe incident of two specialized units from two different European cities as the Milan headquarter fire brigade — Regional advanced CBRNe team (Comando Provinciale dei Vigili del Fuoco di Milano — Nucleo regionale avanzato NBCR) and the Lisbon fire brigade hazmat response unit (Regimento de Sapadores Bombeiros de Lisboa – Grupo de Intervenção em Matérias Perigosas).
Chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear and high yield explosive materials have entered the public domain. The authors identify some of the common factors that have occurred during response to CBRNe incidents and highlight the need for specialist preparation. By deconstructing the table top exercise and giving actual exercise examples, the book demonstrates the versatility and usefulness of the table top exercise as an essential part of training for all CBRNe stakeholders.
Fundamental definitions of the terms terrorism, political violence and CBRN are presented, and the international databases publicly available on terrorist events and natural disasters are investigated. Furthermore the concept of risk management as described in the ISO standards is analyzed, introducing the risk assessment and risk analysis characteristics applied in the USA and EU institutional approaches.
The author decided to take a responsible step to define several issues figured from the statistical analysis of the student’s evaluations form, after his two years of study of The Università degli Studi di Roma “Tor Vergata” Master CBRNe courses.
The book proposal aims at finding out the level of awareness on the CBRNe substances and the preparedness of the public on the same. Are the members of public able to tell what these substances are? Has the public witnessed CBRNe attack? How does the emergency team respond to CBRNe attacks? It should be noted that the public comprises of fire fighters, flying doctors, emergency responders and anyone since the victim is limitless.
Solidarietà europea, mappatura degli impatti, piano d’azione UE CBRN, pericolo di uragani, piane alluvionali, terrorismo e negazione dei diritti umani; sono solo alcune delle tracce che nel volume seguono un filo rosso lungo quattro sezioni dedicate, nell’epoca delle emergenze e della sostenibilità, alla conoscenza di eventi emergenziali e all’organizzazione di misure di reazione.
CBRN risk can not be addressed without adequate knowledge. Thought for the First Responder, the book confront in particular the radiological risk, which can be manifested in civil defense as well as in the most typical of civil protection. Only an accurate analysis of the event that may occur time after time, proper use of appropriate instrumentation and knowledge of radiation protection measures can ensure the safety of rescuers and the population. The paper addresses both theoretical and practical aspects (radioprotection, dosimetry, detectors, contamination, transport) and has over 60 exercises carried out.
Abbiamo la capacità di essere coerenti con i progetti di crescita e responsabilità appresi entro gli studi universitari quinquennali e gli schemi di decision making individuale e di gruppo che si sperimentano in un contesto istituzionale quale quello universitario? Il volume risponde a questa domanda mettendo in evidenza come possedere strumenti per essere pronti in situazioni emergenziali e inattese.
Il volume solleva importanti questioni sulle manifestazioni di devianza nella città attraverso l’evidenziazione di una serie di esperienze internazionali che indagano la città nei suoi molteplici aspetti per valutare la distanza, quando non la dismisura, da quanto stabilito da agende pubbliche e pianificatori.
Il volume rappresenta la tesi finale del master di II livello in “Protezione da eventi CBRNe” tenutosi nell’a.a. 2012–2013 presso l’Università degli Studi di Roma “Tor Vergata”. L’idea di incentrare il lavoro sullo sviluppo di uno strumento esercitativo nasce dall’esigenza di convogliare le conoscenze, la formazione e le esperienze professionali degli autori, per creare una piattaforma che potesse essere di ausilio ai futuri studenti del master e anche agli operatori coinvolto nella materia.
ll rischio CBRN non può essere affrontato senza averne un’adeguata conoscenza. Pensato per i First Responders il testo affronta in particolare il rischio radiologico. Questo può manifestarsi tanto nell’ambito della difesa civile che in quello più tipicamente di protezione civile. Solo un’accurata analisi dell’eventuale evento, il corretto uso di idonea strumentazione e la conoscenza delle misure di radioprotezione possono garantire la sicurezza dei soccorritori e della popolazione.
Le armi a energia diretta non appartengono più alla fantascienza, sono ormai una realtà che promette di rivoluzionare la guerra moderna come fece in passato la polvere da sparo nell’era delle armi bianche. Tra non più di dieci anni, le armi a energia diretta cambieranno radicalmente la natura delle guerre in molti scenari geopolitici. I dispositivi saranno di tipo aereo, navale e terrestre. Avranno capacità di ingaggio selettive e istantanee.
A CBRN event, unlike earthquakes, floods and anything else you can add to the phenomena that usually refer to the Civil Protection System, spreads over a city that continues to live and could be largely not aware of the situation in place. Excluding nuclear weapons, which trigger clearly visible and mechanically destructive dynamics, C B R presence may also be not noticeable, causing, among other things, considerable difficulties in a timely definition of the quality of the event.